chemistry

Large Hadron Collider- LHC detectors in cern

Large Hadron Collider-LHC detectors

In giant detectors that are capable of reconstructing what happened during collisions, and all this in a very high collision rate environment, the events (an event is a collision with all of its resulting particles) are studied. They can be compared to extremely large three-dimensional digital cameras that can take 40 million “sequences” per second …

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What is the structure of the Universe?- spacetime geometry

What is the structure of the Universe? Geometry of spacetime

The Einstein equation predicts several possible ways for the Universe to evolve in time and space. What are these predictions, and how do they equate themselves to observation? COSMOS AND UNIVERSES: The Final Theory of the Cosmos and the Universes Buy on Amazon- https://amzn.to/2YifyUi Go to Amazon The starting point of a theoretical exploration of cosmology is the Einstein …

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How Old is the Universe?

How Old is the Universe? (All Calculations so far)

A Bible-based assumption of a few thousand years was made by Isaac Newton. Einstein believed in a World that was steady-state, ageless. Since then, somewhere in the centre, data obtained from the Universe places the probable response. First Ingredient: Quantum mechanics    In the early 20th century, it was realized that the stability of atomic …

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third law of thermodynamics

Third Law of Thermodynamics- Absolute zero, Cryogenics, Adiabatic Demagnetization

In this article we will be talking about third law of Thermodynamics: Absolute zero, Cryogenics, Adiabatic demagnetization. Change of properties. Applications. Microscopic foundations of thermodynamics. The second principle suggests that an absolute temperature scale with absolute temperature zero occurs. The Third Law of Thermodynamics states that no procedure consisting of a finite number of steps can reach absolute …

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How Black hole relates with Thermodynamics

How Black hole relates with Thermodynamics?

Quantum mechanics turns black holes from cold, eternal objects into hot shrinking thermodynamics. Physicists wondered: Is there a microscopic origin for black hole entropy? If the Four Laws of Black Hole Physics looked familiar, it’s because they sound just like the Four Laws of Thermodynamics, which are: Watch on Amazon- New Black Hole Image Revealed …

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Lorentz Transformation Equation & Derivation

Lorentz Transformation Equation & Derivation

Lorentz transformations, within the theory of special relativity, are a set of relationships that account for how the measurements of a physical magnitude obtained by two different observers are related. These relationships established the mathematical basis for Einstein’s theory of special relativity since the Lorentz transformations specify the type of space-time geometry required by Einstein’s …

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Second Law of Thermodynamics-Entropy

Second Law of Thermodynamics- Entropy & Axiomatic definition, Microststes & Canonical interpretation

The Second Law of Thermodynamics provides for a precise description of a property called entropy. Entropy can be seen as a measure of how close a system is to equilibrium. It can also be seen as a measure of (spatial and thermal) disturbance. The second thermodynamics notes that the entropy, that is, an individual system’s …

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