The Recall Memory in Terms of Psychology
Memory is quite a common term for remembering things. Most psychologists see a memory as a correlation between experience and the past. Processes where people recall things that happened in the past need capability of good Recall Memory. This kind of remembering capability shows that humans are able to accept, to save and reveal the experiences that ever happened to them (Walgito 2004). Such memory or recall is not merely an object like eyes, hands, and other parts of the body.
What is Memory in Psychology?
Porter and Hernacki (in Afiatin 2001) explain that memory or recall is an ability to recall what has been known. Someone is able to recall the things that have happened or knowledge that has been learnt. Such activity to reveal back or recall certain knowledge that has been learnt during the past in psychology is called memory.
Richard Atkinson and Richard Shiffrin (in Matlin, 1998) call memory as an important part of the whole cognitive process since information can be stored and is able to be used anytime.
Recall of Memory
In terms of Recall Memory, there are three steps in encoding including encoding, storage, and retrieval stage. Drever (in Walgito 2004) explains that memory based on common assumption and in theoretic is considered as one of the characters owned by human lives, a useful experience which affects attitude and experience in the future, which includes recall and recognition which is called as recall of the memory. For further explanation based on Walgito (2004), he explains that there are two ways which reveal information in memory including to recall and to recognize. In conclusion, recall memory is individual activity to remember the information which has been stored within the memory.
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Process of memory recall or recall of information is closely related to the kind of memory which will be revealed. In psychology, memory is used as the lesson. Richard Atkinson and Richard Shiffrin (in Matlin, 1998) divide three systems of information storage which includes sensory memory, short term memory and long term memory.
Esteem (in Ismoyo 2006) explains memory sensory as a system of memory which is arranged to keep accepted information from receptor cells in short term memory. Such memory sensory notifies the information from combination from five senses from eyes, ears, nose, tongue, and skin. Walgito (2004) explains three steps of recalling from learning, retention, and remembering. In learning, the information is obtained intentionally and unintentionally. Getting information intentionally means putting information, knowledge and experiences into the memory with purpose. getting information without purpose means putting knowledge, experience and information accidently.
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