The early species of life in the Sky or the earth’s atmosphere’s stratosphere layer, somewhere 30 km high on the planet’s surface, have led to new theory of the creation and evolution of life on the planet. Alongside these ambitious theories have been made public how bacteria and ground viruses can ride soft air waves in the upper layers of the atmosphere to protect themselves and prepare for landing in a new land.
Not long after the news of the adventurer’s chametry dive, Flex E. Bhimgartiner does not pass through the diluted layers of
the stratosphere at the upper heights of earth’s atmosphere, which we are surprised with the newer news: he is not the only living one who has experienced such heights!
The sky above our heads is a very much-planned place for living animals. Recent studies have confirmed the presence of microbes covered with Sky. The stratosphere is the second-largest layer of atmosphere that starts from 18 km above the surface and continues up to 32 km higher and temperature in some areas reaches to 60°C. Previously, environmentalists believed that the area was uninhabitable due to low pressure and temperature, harmful solar radiation and lack of water and nutrients.
“The Viability of life at high altitudes challenged our purview toward the biosphere boundary!” commented David Smith, one of the study’s researchers from the University of Washington. Biosphere, they say; from our habitat as humans to fish in the sea, birds in the sky and worms and single-celled layers of deep earth are all and all different parts of the earth’s biosphere.
In order to continue his research, Smith sent sampling research balloons from The Heights of Batchlore Mountain Institute to the sky in an effort to collect more complete statistics of the life available in the Sky
cover. These balloons were small and very simple balloon samples that floundered Flex E. Baumgartner with 39 km of ground. With the help of these facilities and funding from NASA’s Akhtar Institute of Biology, he and his colleagues hope to answer the questions of where these ambitious beasts have come from? Where are they to go? And find out how their evolutionary trajectory is. In addition to these questions, they want to learn more about these hard-working micro animals who can survive in an environment that seems inhabitable.
The butter-covered is very similar to the conditions governing the surface of Mars. Except for the environmental testing room available in research laboratories, there is no better environment on our planet than the butter cover to match the conditions of the marine. These interesting species of life, which seem to be riding on airflows, can also give scientists some tips on what is in their search on Mars.
The first reports of life in the upper layers of the atmosphere date back to the 1930s.
Studies on samples collected from high altitude research balloons and missile flights claimed to find microbes at 77 km above ground level. What is not definitive is the origin of these animals, whether these hard-working microbes have moved from higher altitudes or are created as a result of earth-level pollution.
However, these old samplings are also slightly suspicious, as almost no reports of sterilization of them before their flight are seen in the documents. In fact, reliable sampling of the upper layers of the atmosphere is difficult and costly. Researchers should collect a significant volume of air to catch only one microbe because it is estimated that according to the atmosphere concentration, there are only a few microbes per cubic meter and this amount is very small.
The first firm document that proved the presence of life in the sphere (earth’s atmosphere stratosphere) was conducted in the Blaney study in 2003, about 10 years ago. In that year’s study, living cells were collected at an altitude of between 20 and 41 km above the indian tropical regions.
How these microbes reach such heights is still not quite clear. A small group of researchers claim they are passengers from space caught falling towards Earth in soft air streams in those altitudes and trapped there forever. But more likely, these tiny creatures, with strong winds and dust storms, have been raised from the ground to the air and have raised themselves to that height. Some microbes are not unaware of the technology of the day and are travelling on commercial planes flying from the undersurface of korea!
Despite the bold presence of life in the upper heights of the atmosphere, it is not possible for these microbes to live actively there as they grow and reproduce on earth. The best idea that can be made for these microbes, according to researchers, is that they can only tolerate the upper layers of the atmosphere at low pressure. Then these passengers sat on airstreams for free and landed in remote environments for a while.
|Many of these micro-tourists are bacteria in spore form. These microorganisms are able to detect harsh and high pressure environmental conditions and when detecting such conditions, they turn off their metabolism computer system and their size goes to so-called water!|
They make a hard-like shell shield around their outer part, this layer called spores like a defensive shield protects the microbe’s DNA from uv beam damage or any other threatening factor. Spore is an evolutionary adaptation that is developed in flight conditions in the sky or perhaps interplanetary orbit.
If the sleeping bacteria spores can land in a habitable environment by being tolerant of the conditions of this bold air travel, they can give themselves life again and return to life. Researchers placed samples of the earth’s atmosphere in a microbe-containing dish and sat in the light of what grew. In truth, these search and resuscitation missions just indicate the so-called “mountain-top” nipple that exists and there is still much other news of it high on the roof of the earth. In other words, only about 1% of these microorganisms can be cultivated in the laboratory.
To observe beyond these one percent, Smith and his colleagues began using molecular methods to identify the biomaterials in the atmosphere, whether alive or dead. Atmospheric samples were obtained from the Beeghler Seer, 2.7 km above sea level.
Instead of trying to grow these microorganisms in a microbe culture dish, the researchers extracted DNA that could match a genomic library of a set of bacteria that are genetically engineered to keep the entire DNA of an existing one, including 60,000 microbial species. Preliminary results showed that microbes are found from any main range of life in the high work sphere!
The data obtained from The Bechler Library will improve the estimates regarding the density of microbes in the upper layers of the atmosphere. Also, this is the first long-term observation to investigate the diversity of the number of microbes proportional to the change in seasons and other weather patterns.
Smith is working on the achievements of NASA engineers’ ballooning mission and samples obtained from higher altitudes to continue his research. “We still have no idea how far we should kill the air border or the height of the biosphere,” he says.
Experiences such as NASA balloons will give a sign of how long life has the ability to peruse the butter and when they are at high altitudes, what kind of mutations might they have to inherit?”
These mutants, like seeds that are randomly sprinkled on the surface, have the potential to be rooted in favorable environments. Smith’s argument, despite the difficult proof, but it is possible that the evolution of complex life on our planet will be part of his evolutionary era of the flying of microbes and bacteria over Earth’s atmosphere and the genetic mutations caused by it.